- Brody, Lisa, et al. “Dura-Europos: Excavating Antiquity.”. An interactive website with high-quality pictures, accurate interpretations, excavation reports, and a virtual tour of the synagogue.
- Goodenough, Erwin R. Jewish Symbols in the Greco-Roman Period, Volume 9: Symbolism in the Dura Synagogue. New York: Pantheon, 1964, 197–226. Goodenough enthusiastically argues that the details of the painting were influenced by Greek mythology, Persian art, and Jewish philosophy.
- Levine, Lee I. Visual Judaism in Late Antiquity: Historical Contexts of Jewish Art. New Haven: Yale University Press, 70–79, 97–118. Levine analyses the synagogue’s architecture and paintings in their historical context.
- Rajak, Tessa. “The Dura-Europos Synagogue: Images of a Competitive Community.” Pages 141–54 in Dura-Europos: Crossroads of Antiquity. Edited by Lisa R. Brody and Gail L. Hoffman. Chestnut Hill, Mass.: McMullen Museum of Art Boston College, 2011. Rajak offers a nuanced interpretation of the meaning of the paintings in their local context.
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